Map location of the Canary Islands
The Canaries can be divided into two categories. The western group comprises Tenerife, Gran Canaria, La Palma, La Gomera, Ferro Islands. It is made up of mountain peaks rising directly from the ocean floor. The eastern group includes Lanzarote Fuerteventura Island and six islets located on a single submarine plateau, the Canary Ridge. It rises approximately 4,500 feet (1.400 meters) above the ocean floor. The volcanic eruptions that created the Canary Islands millions of years ago are what gave rise to them. At their highest points, all the western islands rise above 4,000 feet (1 200 meters). Teide Peak, Tenerife, is the highest point on Spanish soil at 12,198 feet (3 718 meters).
The Macaronesia area of the North Atlantic Ocean is where the Canary Islands are found. The Canary Islands are located on the west coast of Africa‘s continental Africa. It is approximately 100km from Morocco and the southwest of Spain. The archipelago lies approximately 1,300km southeast of Gibraltar. The archipelago, geographically, is part of continental Africa. However, it is economically and politically part of Europe. They are a popular tourist destination due to their location in the Atlantic Ocean, close proximity to four continents (African, Europe, and Americas).
Santa Cruz de Tenerife and Teide volcano, Tenerife (Canary Islands), Spain.
The Canary Islands, Macaronesia’s largest and most populous archipelago, is home to the majority of Macaronesia’s population. The archipelago consists of seven major islands as well as numerous smaller islands or islets. They are divided into two groups according to their geographic location.
They all lie on an underwater plateau called Canary Ridge. At their highest point, all the western islands rise to at least 1,200m. Teide Peak on Tenerife is the highest point in Spain and rises to 3,718m.
Many of the volcanoes in the Canary Islands were active millions of years ago, and they formed millions of years ago from a volcanic eruption. This archipelago in Spain is the only place where a volcano has erupted during the modern era. Since their European discovery, four islands have experienced eruptions: La Palma (Tenerife), Lanzarote, El Hierro, and Lanzarote). Due to volcanic composition, most beaches on the Canaries are covered in black sand.
The climate of the Canary Islands is described as tropical and desertic, with moderate trade winds and the surrounding sea. Although microclimates can exist in different regions, the archipelago has a prevailing hot desert climate. This is characterized by high temperatures and little to no seasonal variation. The annual average temperature is 25 degrees Celsius (76 degrees Fahrenheit), with August being the hottest month and January the coldest. The average annual precipitation is 151mm.
The Canary Archipelago consists of seven main islands and one smaller island. There are also several small islets and rocks. La Graciosa, a small island in the Chinijo Archipelago, is located approximately 2km north of Lanzarote Island. It is approximately 29 km2 in area and home to more than 700 people. It is located in the Chinijo Archipelago Natural Park.
Tenerife, which covers 2,034km2, is the largest island in the Canary Archipelago.
It is second in Spain in terms of island size, after Mallorca Island in Balearic Archipelago. With close to 917,000 residents, it is also Spain’s most populous island. Santa Cruz de Tenerife is the capital of the Canary Islands. Teide, Spain’s highest peak, is also located in Tenerife.
Fuerteventura, which spans 1,659km2, is the archipelago’s second-largest and most populous island. It has been designated a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve, preserving one of the two remaining Canarian Egyptian vulture populations. Lanzarote Island is home to the other Canarian Egyptian Vulture population. Fuerteventura houses approximately 117,000 people.
Gran Canaria, which covers 1,560 km2, is the third-largest island in the Canary Archipelago. With 851,000 people, it is also Spain’s third-most populous island. Las Palmas is the capital of Canary, along with Santa Cruz de Tenerife. Gran Canaria also has some of the highest peaks in Gran Canaria, such as Pico de las Nieves and Roque Nublo.
Lanzarote (846km2), La Palma (708km2), La Gomera (372 km2) and El Hierro (269km2) are the other major Canary Islands. Roque del Oeste and Roque del Este are just a few of the archipelago’s islets.
King Juba II, who discovered the islands in the first century BCE for the Western World, is said to have found them uninhabited but with traces of human settlement. The Europeans discovered the islands in the middle of the Middle Ages and encountered several Indigenous peoples. Europeans likely encountered the Guanche and Canario Canario peoples, who shared similarities with Berber peoples from North Africa. Explorers frequented the islands from Genoa, Portugal, Mallorca, or Genoa in the 14th century.
The Castilians started their conquest over the Canaries in the 15th century. Fuerteventura was next, and Lanzarote was the island first to be conquered. The Castilians implemented several measures after the Castilian conquest. Many cities such as Santa Cruz de Tenerife and Las Palmas were important stopovers for Spanish conquistadors on their way to the New World. Barbary pirates took hostages, several islanders, in La Gomera, Lanzarote, during the 17th and 18th centuries.
The archipelago today is home to close to 2.2 million people. This represents 4.5% of Spain’s total population. It has a population density close to 290 per square kilometer. Gran Canaria, which has 851,000 inhabitants, is second with 918,000. Tenerife is the most populous island. Fuerteventura and Lanzarote each have more than 110,000 inhabitants, while the combined population of the three other islands is approximately 115,000. Las Palmas is home to approximately 383,000 people, while Santa Cruz de Tenerife houses around 207,000.
What is Isla Canarias?
The name Islas Canarias is likely derived from the Latin name Canariae Insulae, meaning “Islands of the Dogs”, a name that was evidently generalized from the ancient name of one of these islands, Canaria – presumably Gran Canaria.
What are the tourist attractions in Tenerife?
This is due to their beaches, subtropical climate, and important natural attractions, especially Maspalomas Gran Canaria Teide National Park , and Mount Teide (a World Heritage Site) in Tenerife .
How many archipielagos has the Canary Islands?
The archipelago consists of seven large and several smaller islands, all of which are volcanic in origin.
What is the climate like in Canary Islands?
According to the position of the islands with respect to the north-east trade winds , the climate can be mild and wet or very dry.
What are the national parks in Spain?
Caldera de Taburiente National Park Four of Spain’s thirteen national parks are located in the Canary Islands, more than any other autonomous community.
What is the best place to visit in Lanzarote?
The parks are: Park Island Area Year of Designation UNESCO Status Caldera de Taburiente National Park La Palma 46.9 km2 (18.1 sq mi) 1954 Part of the La Palma Biosphere Reserve since 2002 Garajonay National Park La Gomera 39.86 km2 (15.39 sq mi) 1981 World Heritage Site since 1986 Teide National Park Tenerife 189.9 km2 (73.3 sq mi) 1954 World Heritage Site since 2007 Timanfaya National Park Lanzarote 51.07 km2 (19.72 sq mi) 1974 Part of the Lanzarote Biosphere Reserve since 1993 Teide National Park is the oldest and largest national park in the Canary Islands and one of the oldest in Spain.
How many islands has the Canary Islands?
The seven major islands, one minor island, and several small islets were originally volcanic islands, formed by the Canary hotspot The Canary Islands is the only place in Spain where volcanic eruptions have been recorded during the Modern Era , with some volcanoes still active (El Hierro, 2011).
What are the hazards of volcanic activity?
Volcanic islands such as those in the Canary chain often have steep ocean cliffs caused by catastrophic debris avalanches and landslides Teide volcano on Tenerife is the highest mountain in Spain, and the third tallest volcano on Earth on a volcanic ocean island.
Are the Canary Islands or volcanic origin?
The Canary Islands in the Atlantic are of volcanic origin and contain the highest peak on Spanish territory, Teide Peak, which rises to 12,198 feet (3,718 metres) on the island of Tenerife.…
What are the Canaries western group?
The western group, made up of Tenerife Gran Canaria La Palma La Gomera Ferro islands, consists of mountain peaks that rise directly from a deep ocean floor.
What is the Canary Ridge?
The eastern group comprises Lanzarote Fuerteventura Island , and six islets surmounting a single submarine plateau , the Canary Ridge, that rises about 4,500 feet (1,400 metres) from the ocean floor.
What is Teide Peak?
All the western islands exceed 4,000 feet (1,200 metres) at their highest points, with Teide Peak on Tenerife rising to 12,198 feet (3,718 metres), the highest point on Spanish soil.
How big is Fuerteventura?
Fuerteventura is only 160 kilometers from the northwest coast of Morocco, close enough for its beaches to be made of blowing Sahara sand.
What are the typical Canarian tourist attractions?
You’ll also find a surprising variety of things to do on these seven islands, from water sports and hiking trails to modern art and sightseeing in charming colonial towns.
What are the islands capitals?
It comprises the Santa Cruz de Tenerife and Las Palmas provinces, with Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and Santa Cruz de Tenerife cities as the islands’ capitals.
What is the Canary Islands’ climate?
The Canary Islands’ climate is described as desertic and tropical, moderated by trade winds and the surrounding sea.
What is the Canary Archipelago?
The Canary Archipelago comprises seven main islands, one smaller island, and several islets and rocks.
Is Tenerife the largest Island in the archipelago?
Tenerife is the largest island of the Canary Archipelago, spanning 2,034 km2.
What is Gran Canaria?
Gran Canaria is the third-largest island of the Canary Archipelago, covering 1,560 km2.
Where are the main airports in Tenerife?
Two airports, Tenerife South and Tenerife North Airports, are located on Tenerife Island.
“We strive to be the #1 recommended site for news and tourism for the Canary Islands.”
- Our review
- Rated 5 stars
5 / 5
- Readers reviews
- Rated 4.8 stars
4.8 / 5 (Reviewers)
- Your review